The Persian cat is a long-haired breed of cat and it is known by its round face and short muzzle. In foreign countries, they are known as the Persian Longhair.
In the eastern countries, they are known as Iranian cat and in the Iran country, they are known as Shirazi cat.
In the year 1620, The first ancestors of these cats were exported from Iran into Italy. In ancient period, they were known as Persia.
Further, they were exported from Italy and France into European countries because their popularity grew and breeding took place.
Their proper and exact history is not known by anyone and it is a bit of a mystery but many of these cats were seen in hieroglyphics.
In the year 1871, in London and in England They were presented at the world’s first organised cat and later, they make their way to the United States of America in the early 1900s.
Their breeding standards are known for a cat which has a short face but it is extremely important that they had a much longer nose than the flat-faced Persians of today.
In the year 2015, as per Cat Fanciers’ Association, they ranked as the 2nd most popular breed in the United States and first is the Exotic breed.
Before some months, one disease is prevalent in these breeds, which is known as Hereditary polycystic kidney disease. This disease affected almost half the population in some countries.
Variants in Persian cats
There are three variants in these breeds which are Himalayan, Exotic Shorthair and Chinchilla Longhair.
The Himalayan is a breed or sub-breed of a long-haired cat. In the UK, these breeds were recognized as the Colorpoint Longhair.
Their type is the same as the Persian, the only difference is that their eyes are blue and their point colouration, which was derived from crossing the Persian with the Siamese.
They were formed by crossing the Persian with the Siamese and they were also called as Colourpoint Persian and they are commonly referred in Europe.
In the year 1950, the Siamese was crossed with the Persian to create a breed with the body type of the Persian but colourpoint pattern of the Siamese.
Some registries classifying that the Himalayan is a long-haired sub-breed of Siamese or a colourpoint sub-breed of Persian.
According to The World Cat Federation, they are Colorpoint Shorthair. They were named Himalayan, after other colourpoint animals like the Himalayan rabbit.
The Exotic Shorthair is a breed of cat and it was developed to be a short-haired version of the Persian.
They are similar to the Persian in many ways such as temperament and conformation, a flat nose, face and they don’t have the short dense coat as same as Persian.
In the year 1950, they were used as an outcross by some American Shorthair breeders. This work was done in secret due to improving their body type and these crosses were also made with the Russian Blue and the Burmese.
American Shorthair breeders produced a new breed successfully but this breed was disqualified because that showed signs of crossbreeding.
In the year 1966, Jane Martinke who was an American Shorthair breeder judge recognize them as a new breed and given the name Exotic Shorthair.
In the year 1987, outcrosses of shorthair of the Exotic closed by Cat Fanciers’ Association and leave Persian as the allowable outcross breed.
Some Exotics may carry a copy of the recessive longhair gene due to more use of Persian as outcrosses. When two such cats mate then there may a chance that 1 in 4 of each offspring being longhaired.
According to Cat Fanciers’ Association, Longhaired Exotics are not considered Persians but The International Cat Association accepts them as Persians.
Some cats associations like the American Cat Fanciers Association accepts them as a separate Exotic Longhair breed.
The Chinchilla longhair is a breed of cat and it is a type of Persian and it is one of the most popular long-haired breeds. Their name is derived from a rodent of South American which has two-toned fur.
They are a separate colour classification of the Longhair and they have a silvery looking coat. Their coat characteristic sparkle coming from the black or silver tips on the white hair.
The kittens of this breed are born with black colour, tabby markings, which disappear as they get older and their coat colour becomes pure white.
They have large, round eyes and eye colour is green or blue-green. In the year 1888, they became quite famous and win most of the major awards at the Crystal Palace in London.
They are quiet, placid, affectionate and enjoy the attention. Their voice is sweet and melodious and aptitude for adjusting to any new environment.
They need more grooming attention and they are best for mature families, who have no children as they become quite attached to their owners.
They need grooming daily like other long-haired cats and they moult two times in a year and shed some hair all year. Buy these cats from pets store because they are available in $400 to $700.