Knee pain can occur in people of all ages. Knee pain can occur due to the injury or other underlying health condition. Some disease can also develop or contribute to knee pain. The human knee has a complex structure consisting of many bones, tendons, ligaments, and joint. Any damage to one of these part can affect the movement.
Symptoms of knee pain
There are various symptoms of knee pain, which include:
- Popping noises
- Crunching noises
- Inability to fully straighten the knee
Causes of knee pain
The causes of knee pain vary from person to person. However, the common cause of knee pain includes:
A knee injury can damage the ligament and tendons. Some common knee injuries are:
Fracture – knee fracture can occur due to various incidents. The kneecap can also be damaged in a motorcycle accident. People who have osteoporosis have a weaker bone. In this condition, a wrong step can even fracture the knee.
Knee bursitis – Some of the injuries can develop inflammation in the bursae. Bursae is a liquid between the tendons and ligament, which decreases the friction.
Patellar tendinitis – This is another injury, in this patient feel inflammation and irritation in the tendon. Repetitive motions of the knee like cycling, skiing, running, and jumping can develop the inflammation and irritation in the knee joint.
Arthritis can also cause pain in the knee and other bones. Some common types of arthritis include:
Osteoarthritis – It is the most common of arthritis. This condition can damage the cartilage in your knees. Osteoarthritis may develop over the age. People of older age are more at risk of osteoarthritis.
Gout – Gout is a condition which develops due to the buildup of crystals of uric acid in the joints. Gout usually affects the toe. However, it can also affect the efficiency of the knee.
Rheumatoid arthritis – Rheumatoid is not as joint as osteoarthritis. However, this is a chronic disease and can develop severe pain.
Injury in the knee is common for every people. The ligaments in the knee can tear easily and is a common problem in athletes and sportsmen. When you jump, you put extra pressure on your knees. Wrong landing after the jump can also cause damage to the knee ligaments.
To treat this injury, you will need ice packed in a packet to apply on the knee.
Inflammation in the knee is a common condition. Overuse of the knee can easily cause redness and swelling. There are fluid and cushions between the tendons and ligaments. Any damage to these cushions can increase swelling and inflammation. Knee inflammation is painful and can reduce mobility.
Various risk factors can develop or contribute to knee pain. These risk factors include:
- Excess weight
- Previous injuries
- Physical exercises
For every pound, human knees absorb extra 4 pounds of weight while running, walking or climbing stairs
Diagnosis of Knee Pain
To diagnose the knee pain, the doctor might recommend you some scans and tests. He can also ask for previous reports and accidents. These tests include blood tests, physical examination, x-rays, M.R.I., and C.T. scan.
Treatment of knee pain
In home remedies, you can use the R.I.C.E. method. Remember that this only work in less severe pain.
Rest – The first step is to take the rest completely. Never use your damage or injured part. In some condition, resting can be very helpful.
Ice – You can apply ice on the affected area. This method reduces swelling and inflammation.
Compression – You can use a compression bandage to compress the knee joint. Don’t press it tightly. It may reduce blood circulation.
Elevation – Elevation is also a technique to provide comfort. This technique reduces the extra pressure on the affected joint.
The treatment of knee pain varies from person to person. It may also depend on the cause of the pain. The doctors may prescribe medications to treat the initial stage of pain. You can also buy pain tablets online to minimize the pain. If the health condition is getting worse, the doctor may need surgeries to recover the fractured bone.
However, if remedies don’t work or the condition is getting worse, you should seek the doctor’s attention immediately.