Menstrual cycle – a very individual, but at the same time very common thing for all women. They can be long or short, painful or painless. But no matter how you have them, menstruation is one of the important indicators of a woman’s health. Below we will explain how it can change with age, why it happens and whether it is worth panicking over.
On average, menstruation begins at the age of 12-14, although it may also occur sooner or later. The age of onset of menstruation (menarche) depends on a number of factors, including genetics, body mass index, diet, activity level, and even the place where a girl lives. At the same time, in the first few years, periods are usually irregular.
The physical symptoms of menstruation, including blood, pain and cramps, breast sensitivity and bloating, all depend on the level of hormones (mainly estrogen and progesterone) that are produced by the body. And this, by the way, can explain why even for those lucky women who don’t experience menstrual pain, a day there comes when they are forced to take painkillers.
This is the most suitable age for the birth of a child (in any case, our body thinks so), so from 18 to 28 years of age, the menstrual cycle is, as a rule, as regular as possible. Therefore, women who don’t plan to have children yet often use birth control pills, also known as oral contraceptives.
Sure, you know that they can regulate the cycle – and this is absolutely true. But you may not know that contraceptives can also worsen the symptoms of menstruation. In any case, you should take the pills only on the recommendation of a gynecologist, and if something goes wrong in the admission process, be sure to discuss it with him.
It is important to understand that the first symptoms of menstrual conditions, such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, uterine fibroids, abnormal bleeding, or dysmenorrhea, may also appear at the age of 20–30. So at this time, it is worth listening to the signals of your body, so as not to miss anything.
In the first few years after the age of 30, menstruation is the same as before. And yes, if menstruation has always been something uncomfortable for you, then, unfortunately, nothing will change.
When a woman gives birth to a child, it happens at 20, 30 or 40 years old, her period can return to normal immediately or after a few months. But one thing is certain: no woman has monthly periods when she is pregnant.
At about 40 years old, some women experience perimenopause. This is usually a 10-year period preceding menopause, during which the body produces less and less estrogen and progesterone.
Perimenopause, experts add, can also be associated with irregular secretions of different sizes, so if last month you used a pair of tampons, it doesn’t mean that you will not need the whole package this month.
If you suspect that you are in perimenopause, check whether you have symptoms typical for this period: dry vagina, hot flashes, chills and night sweats, sleep problems, unstable emotional background, weight gain for no apparent reason, thinning hair and dry skin.
Most experts agree that a woman’s menopause occurs when she has not had menstruation for 12 consecutive months. As a rule, this occurs after the age of 50, although in some cases it may happen much earlier or later. Due to the hormonal fluctuations when menopause occurs, it can be difficult to control your emotions. But this is also completely normal, and if you are worried about your condition, talk to your doctor about medications that can help relieve your symptoms.