Liver Failure is a medical condition that occurs when the liver fails to perform its one or different functions, which include removing the harmful substances from the body, manufacturing of bile etc. This happens when major parts of the liver are damaged, and the damage may be irreversible. The condition is fatal and life-threatening and hence early and immediate medical intervention is required. In most of the cases, the damages occur over a long period (chronic liver failure), while the condition of acute liver failure occurs in a short period (maybe as less as 48 hours).
Causes of liver failure
Liver failure may occur because of many different causes and the chronic condition may be caused by viruses as well as bad habits, among other reasons and causes. The common causes of liver failure include:
●Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C
●Consumption of alcohol for a long period of time
●Hemochromatosis, which is a genetic disease and characterizes the excess deposition of iron within the body.
Chronic liver failure is often caused by liver cirrhosis, a condition that characterizes the scarring of liver and replacement of the healthy liver cells by the scar cells. Acute liver failure is mostly caused by the Hepatitis B, and because of the overuse of toxins and drugs including acetaminophen, antibiotics, anti-seizure medications, antidepressants, and herbs, among other substances, medications and drugs. Vascular and metabolic disorders may also cause acute liver failure.
Symptoms of liver failure
The symptoms of liver failure are also common to other medical conditions and hence an expert doctor can only diagnose the situation correctly. Some of the common symptoms of liver failure include:
●Loss of hunger and appetite
●The occurrence of blood within the stools
●Vomiting of blood
● Swelling in the abdominal region
While the minor symptoms occur early, the serious symptoms including jaundice and coma may occur later on.
Management and Treatment
For treating the liver failure condition, the best procedure is chosen by the physician after he diagnoses whether it’s a chronic or acute liver failure condition.
Chronic liver failure may be treated through lifestyle and dietary changes including avoidance of alcohol/ medications that may cause damage to the liver, awarding certain foods including eggs and red meat among others, weight loss, lowering of salt intake and others. When the liver deterioration has occurred over a long period, the effort is to save the remaining part of the liver that stills functions normally. A liver transplant may also be required and the procedure is now highly successful and commonly available.
Acute liver failure is treated through administration of IV fluids, medications for flushing out the toxins (including enemas and laxatives), and monitoring of blood sugar. A blood transfusion may also be required if the bleeding is excessive. A liver transplant may be recommended as well.
The best liver failure treatment is given by leading multi-speciality liver hospital that caters to more number of patients providing liver transplant and other facilities. The leading hospitals also provide proper rehabilitation to the patients and help them enjoy healthy and fruitful life once again.