The thyroid gland is an organ that is located on the front side of the neck and is shaped like a butterfly. It affects the nervous system, digestion, bone tissue, and the reproductive system.
This gland secretes three types of hormones. And when the synthesis of at least one of them is disturbed, painful changes occur in the usual work of the body – failures. If it doesn’t solve the problem, it can lead to heart problems, difficulties with pregnancy and childbirth, miscarriages, and in some cases, coma.
And sometimes even mild symptoms can signal a serious failure. But there is always a chance to prevent the disease and even save your life by paying attention to the following signs in a timely manner.
1. Weight change
This is the first thing that the doctors pay attention to. A person loses weight sharply when hormone levels become above normal. And the weight will continue to decline even if you eat more than usual – a change in diet, in this case, will not affect anything.
Low hormone levels, on the contrary, leads to extra pounds. Metabolism slows down and the body accumulates calories in the form of body fat. At the same time, trying to lose weight with diet and fitness will not work. You can return to your standard form only after treatment and the return of a normal hormonal balance.
2. Mood impairment
Hormones regulate the nervous system, so our mood is directly dependent on their level. Symptoms may include apathy, emotional irritability, anxiety, panic attacks, tearfulness, or aggressive behavior.
Changes are not easy to notice. Often they are attributed to fatigue from work, daily stress, and life difficulties. Watch your mood: if it spoils for no apparent reason and brings no joy for several days, this is a good reason to visit a psychotherapist.
3. Neck discomfort
If the neck swells and grows in size, it becomes difficult to breathe and painful to swallow. Also, if your voice becomes hoarse, this is another sign of thyroid gland issues.
The enlarged thyroid gland is sometimes also called goiter. It passes after a course of treatment when hormone levels return to normal. But discomfort in the neck can also be a sign of thyroid cancer. Therefore, if there is any discomfort, immediately consult a doctor.
4. Disorders of the menstrual cycle
In women, this is one of the most common symptoms of hormonal failure. Irregular menstruation, scanty and rare discharge, cycle reduction or, on the contrary, too frequent bleeding and dysmenorrhea are considered signs of hormonal imbalance. Painful menstruation can also signify about problems with the thyroid. Especially if there was no pain before.
A single case may occur due to a minor failure from stress or overwork, but even in this situation, you should immediately go to the doctor. It is better not to delay a visit to a specialist, because endocrine diseases increase the risk of infertility and complications during pregnancy.
5. The change in body temperature
A hormonal failure disrupts the body’s ability to regulate temperature. Patients note that being in the same room with other people, they may be cold, while others are warm or hot. Some patients, on the contrary, feel a high fever. The more hormones the thyroid gland produces, the higher the body temperature.
In some people, the normal body temperature may be slightly below or above normal. There is nothing wrong with that. But if your temperature has changed dramatically and for a long time is different from normal, the risk of hormonal imbalance is high.
6. Dry skin
Dryness and irritation can be a sign of various diseases – psoriasis, ichthyosis, fungus, allergies, liver failure, and mental disorders.
But if you find other signs of thyroid disease, dry skin will be an additional symptom. Peeling is especially strong on elbows and knees, as the skin becomes more sensitive to external influences. Patients also experience a rash, irritation, and inflammation.